October 29, 2012
I realise that for many this will be stating the bleeding obvious, but I have to admit that it took me a month or two to get around to making this 1 minute enhancement!
The problem arises from the fact that beer and gas lines don’t like going around sharp corners, and John Guest style fittings don’t like being stressed laterally (slow leaks result). The upshot is that lines tend to be a little longer to make slow curves and mine plunge down into the deep recesses of the keezer. Combine this with the reality of numerous identical gas lines (which unlike beer don’t get coloured by the presence of the beer style inside them) and that often kegs are swapped in and out while others are still in use, and you easily end up with a bit of a braided bird’s nest of anonymous tubes running here and there.
The simple solution is to put a ring of electrical tape at the gas disconnect end and a corresponding tab on the manifold. Beer lines don’t need any treatment as they sit on top and are really obvious where they go.
Now when a keg is exhausted it’s really easy to look at the keg and think “turn off red”. Or slot a new keg in, grab any old gas line, hook it up and flip the appropriate valve on the manifold. I honestly don’t know why this wasn’t done earlier – I’m astounded by my own apparent laziness!
September 4, 2012
I did some brewing prior to nipping off on a month long holiday. I came back, noticing that the fresh gas bottle was registering empty. I naturally assumed I had a gas leak from one of my JG fittings. I was wrong…
Opening the lid, I was greeted with a sight that no brewer wants to see – precious beer all the way up to the compressor hump. One of the poppets had leaked and the gas cylinder had emptied a full keg of wonderous dry-hopped pale ale and then itself. Bah.
I guess the only upshot of this is that a) my gas lines don’t leak after all; and b) I have proven the keezer to be water-tight.
June 19, 2012
Throughout the keezer I have elected to minimise the number of barbed fittings and instead use John Guest-style push fittings. Unlike barbs these fittings can have the hose lines easily removed and generally terminate to a 1/4″ flare thread (MFL/FFL). For this reason I chose a gas manifold and liquid/gas disconnects that terminate to 1/4″ MFL for every connection. Easy disconnection has distinct advantages for cleaning and system adaptability.
The drawback of this plan is that an awful lot of FFL to hose connectors are required and this pushes the price up. The standard line used in home beer dispensing is 5/16″ OD (3/16″ ID). The internal diameter is important because appropriate flow resistance is critical for ensuring that carbonation stays in suspension while the beer is in the lines. Failure to do so causes a foamy pour.
5/16″ connectors in Australia (like everything niche) are very expensive. A $2.30 connector in the US is $7 here in a brew shop (who are pretty much the only people that stock this size). Yet 1/4″ line is extensively used for water filter systems here and is very reasonably priced ($3-4 a connector). 1/4″ hose is obviously narrower causing higher resistance, lower flow rate and be harder to fit to flared fittings. So basically I have a couple of options:
- Buy all in 5/16″ locally and pay 2-3 times as much [aka The Chump's Option]
- Buy all in the US, pay international shipping and wait for 2 weeks for it to arrive (and this option leaves no room for finding out I’m short by one connector) [aka The Trader's Option]
- Buy all in 1/4″ and run the risk of flow issues [aka The Pioneer's Option]
- Buy all the gas, where resistance doesn’t matter and most of the fittings are used, in 1/4″ and only do the liquid side in 5/16″ [aka The Heath Robinson Option]
- Try and talk a water filter shop into ordering in the 5/16″ gear from their supplier and not charge me massive brew-shop prices [aka The Wheeler-Dealer Option]
The two approaches that appeal to me are 4 and 5 – I would prefer to have the liquid lines in proper 5/16″ but I would like to avoid where possible giving my money to the graspy brew-shop owners that know they have their customers over a barrel.
So the option that I finally went with was the local water filter shop. Chris at truwater got the bits ordered in – while not as cheap as an overseas order, still pretty good. For comparison, a $7 John Guest 1/4″FFL fitting at a brew shop was $4.50. I estimate that I saved at least 35% by buying through him. And didn’t have to wait for anything.
Once all the bits arrived it was all pretty much plug and play thanks to all the John Guest fittings I was using. After getting truwater to price up the bits I went the extra mile and ordered in some JG fittings for my tap shanks. This made installation a breeze and will allow greater disassembly should I need to.
One of the challenges was working out how to make the connection between the keezer and an external gas cylinder (so that I can run the full complement of 4 kegs). My solution was to use 5/16″ grommets and some spare plastic (old ipod box, I believe!). I have this arrangement sealing both the inside and outside walls of the collar.
And finally, here’s a look at the inside of the keezer. You can see my JG shank fittings at the top; the black is a sheet of coreflute with yoga mat behind it for lid insulation; and on the left is my 4-way gas manifold.
May 20, 2012
A chest freezer has many advantages over a standard refrigerator. One of them being the thermal efficiencies gained by avoiding a front-opening door that spills all the cold air out every time it’s opened. Indeed I have recently tested my keezer and a digital thermometer placed inside, halfway down, doesn’t even move by 0.1C when the lid is opened (carefully) for a short period of time.
Unlike a refrigerator, however, a freezer must be run with some form of thermostat. People routinely store normal bottled beer in their home fridges but uncontrolled a freezer will (obviously) freeze them. I don’t see this as an encumbrance at all – I don’t like my beer at household fridge (food preserving) temperature anyway, so I would have to run a thermostat regardless.
I already run a digital thermostat on my fermenting fridge. And another one on my HLT. These are both STC-1000 thermostats, which provide both heating and cooling circuits. The thermostat that I have ordered for the keezer only has one switched output – it’s a Willhi WH7016C (again bought on ebay and cheap: $15). I don’t like the interface on this unit as much as the STC, but that might just be a familiarity issue at this point in time.
Just like my previous thermostats I placed this one in a black project box and wired it up by cutting an extension cord in half to provide the power connections. Some people like to install these units into their keezers but I didn’t for a number of reasons: I think that a visible display ruins the look of a full-wood keezer; I don’t intend to change the temperature very much so what’s the point?; this keezer is going to live in a domestic space (do I really want to be watching a movie with the room lit up by the keezer display?); if I installed it inside the keezer it would be subject to temperature fluctuation and presumably condensation.
Just like the HLT temperature controller I wired this one up with an RCA plug for the NTC temperature probe. This meant that I could use a bulkhead fitting RCA socket on the back of the keezer, making it easy to seal any holes that pass through the wall of the keezer collar. It also means that the thermostat box is completely removable, which is clearly useful if the keezer ever needs to be moved.
The probe itself sits inside the keezer. I’ve just left it dangling about halfway down so that it’s measuring the temperature of the mass of air in the center of the keezer. I figure this is probably a sensible location for it and will prevent it from fluctuating if the lid is ever opened.
May 17, 2012
From what I have seen on the internet the drip tray seems to be a bit of an after-thought for many kegerator builders. Many simply roll out a bit of towel on the floor and do without for years. I thought I’d buck the trend and order my drip tray as one of my first tasks.
Stainless steel drip trays can be surprisingly expensive. Tiny 1-glass sized ones can be in excess of $100, and larger ones (suitable for my 3-tapper) even more so. No wonder people do without. But after reading a post on HomebrewTalk I was put onto Barproducts.com who do a 19″ stainless steel drip tray for US$18.50! Sure I was slugged with a fair bit of postage, but it still worked out very cheap.
The first step is to knock up a wooden surround for the tray to sit in. As a starting point I cut a base plate out of 12mm ply a few millimetres larger than the tray, then threw some 40x12mm pine DAR around all sides (mitering the front edges, of course).
Next to be made were some mounting brackets. Originally I had thought that the drip tray box would sit flush with the front of the keezer, but now that the taps are on it I realise that it will need to sit out by 40mm. The woodwork on the brackets isn’t exactly my best work, but I’m hoping that most of it will not be visible to a standing person and any gaps that are will be filled with filler.
On goes two coats of the same combination stain and varnish that I used on the rest of the keezer. And a few more coats of high gloss clear. I temporarily screwed the drip tray bracket to a spare scrap of wood so that I could varnish it both in the horizontal and vertical positions (with the aid of a bench vice). This allowed me to get to all the sides of the tray box and to avoid trying to paint upside-down.
And then there’s nothing to do but screw it to the keezer and slip in the stainless steel drip tray! The real test will of course be whether it can take the load of a full glass of beer, when someone inevitably uses it as a shelf… so to double check I’ve filled up my heaviest 500mL stein and it doesn’t budge a bit.
Now all that remains is a bit of plumbing took hook up the gas and beer lines…